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Teeth Bleaching Facts

Teeth Bleaching Facts

Unlike whitening toothpastes,which only remove surface stains to reveal the underlying whiteness of teeth, bleaching agents actually make teeth whiter.

The most common teeth bleaching agents are hydrogen peroxide and carbamide peroxide.

The effectiveness of teeth bleaching depends on the color of your teeth. Bleaching works best for yellow stains,while gray teeth, which can result from certain antibiotics, are much harder to whiten.People who have stains from smoking,red wine or coffee can get very good results with teeth whitening.

There are two different ways to get whiter teeth:dental (in-office) whitening, and using a home bleaching kit available through a dentist.

A dentist applies a whitening gel,containing a high concentration of hydrogen peroxide, to your teeth, which is then activated by a special blue high intensity light or laser,causing the gel to release the oxygen molecules.The laser merely activates the bleaching gel,it doesn't actually penetrate the teeth.

The results depend on the shade of your teeth before bleaching.

While in-office teeth bleaching is the safest route to go, home teeth bleaching can be also be safe,and effective,if done properly and under the supervision of a dentist.

Tray teeth whitening technique involves the use of a plastic tray that is filled with bleaching gel and then fitted over your teeth.By keeping the bleaching gel in contact with your teeth, for the prescribed period of time, your teeth will get whiter.Persons who are using the teeth bleaching products should always ask a dentist for advice.

Increased tooth sensitivity and gum irritation and are the most common side effects of teeth bleaching.Some people even experience extreme pain.Your dentist will advise you on the appropriate steps to take if your teeth become sensitive during the bleaching process.

Although the results of teeth whitening can vary from person to person, most people are very satisfied with their results.But if teeth bleaching isn't working for you or if have teeth that are shaped badly or crooked, veneers may be the option.

Follow These Tips For Teeth Whitening Made Easy (4)

Follow These Tips For Teeth Whitening Made Easy

White teeth are an important part of any mouth. Having white teeth is a sign that your teeth are clean and that your mouth is healthy. White teeth give us our bright smiles that people love to see. The advice in this article will help you with teeth whitening.

Use orange peels mixed with toothpaste to whiten your teeth! Since orange peels contain acid and Vitamin C, it will help whiten your teeth. It also contains antiseptic properties that are good for cleaning your mouth. Grind up orange peels and mix with your toothpaste, then brush your teeth.

Go to the dentist! Sometimes whitening your teeth with over the counter products – can strip the enamel from your teeth – so it's best to let a dentist handle it! The dentist will use a different method that won't hurt your teeth. The over the counter products can make your teeth more brittle and harder to keep cavities away!

One important teeth whitening tip is to make sure that you avoid mouthwashes. While many companies claim that they are beneficial to your oral health, they can actually cause more harm than good by staining your teeth. The alcohol in mouthwashes can also dry out your mouth which will lead to bacteria growth.

One important teeth whitening tip is to try to avoid beverages that will stain your teeth. There are many liquids that can cause damage that is hard to reverse. Drinks to avoid if possible are carrot juice, red wine, coffee, tea, and cola. If you do choose to dring any of these drinks, be sure to clean your teeth soon afterward.

The chemicals that are used to help whiten your teeth can cause your gums and other soft tissues in your mouth to become irritated. These caustic chemicals can make your mouth feel like it is in a whole world of hurt. Make sure you talk to your doctor about any problems that you experience.

A teeth whitening solution that you can make at home is with salt and baking soda. Mix the two together and scrub your teeth with the solution. The mixture acts as a cleanser and kills off the plaque-causing bacteria that can discolor your teeth!

Use an orange peel to help you whiten your teeth. Take the inside of the peel and rub it on your teeth. Alternatively, you can use dried orange peel to make a paste; combine it with bay leaves and coat it on your teeth. Wash your mouth out after you have allowed the paste or the peel to sit on your teeth for a few minutes.

One cheap and easy solution for making your teeth whiter and your smile brighter is to apply baking soda to your teeth. This is a very old, time tested method that works! Make a paste with water, and let the baking soda sit on your teeth for 5-10 minutes for best effectiveness.

In conclusion, an important part of any mouth is white teeth. Having white teeth can be a sign that your mouth is healthy and your teeth are clean. Without white teeth, we would not have our lovable bright smiles. By following the advice from this article, you can whiten your teeth and have a lovable bright smile.

Home Teeth Whitening Tips

Home Teeth Whitening Tips

About a decade ago, people knew only one way of getting their teeth whitened- that was through dental in-office whitening. It was a wearisome procedure but slowly when people started showing a compulsive concern of having a whiter set of teeth, the impulsion goaded a number of different bleaching formulas and teeth whitening kits started flooding the every day market.

Nowadays, dental in-office teeth whitening aren’t the only option. Numerous home teeth whitening kits are now dominating the market with unprecedented rate, as they are more beneficial products of teeth whitening treatments. Home teeth whitening system uses different teeth whitening kits like whitening strips, teeth whitening trays with whitening gels, and brush-on whitening.

Some of the basic home teeth whitening tip or methods of teeth whitening, used by people around the world are as follows:

1. Application of a paste of lemon juice and salt in the yellowish tint of the teeth is a wonderful way of eradicating that dull color of the teeth.

2. Rubbing the inner white part of an orange peel in the discolored teeth gives a lovely white shine.

3. Regular use of paste of bi-carbonate of soda with water removes the surface stain from the teeth.

4. Dried and powdered Bay leaves combined with dried orange peel also acts as an excellent whitener.

All these home teeth whitening methods when done regularly can give an excellent result.

Nowadays, people lack patience and time and so they frequent the chemist’s shop to purchase teeth whitening kits. These kits include whitening strips, whitening sprays, brush-on gels and whitening toothpastes. But before using such teeth whitening kits, one should follow certain guidelines to get a perfecta teeth whitening. He should use oxygenating toothpaste to brush the teeth because it contains substances that strengthen gums and prevent sensitivity from occurring in the teeth. Before purchasing teeth whitening kits containing bleaching gel, one should confirm that the formula has 21 percent concentration and is carbamide peroxide based. After using Home teeth whitening kits, one should rinse their mouth with an oxygenating oral wash to get that perfecta teeth whitening.

Successfully Whiten Your Teeth With These Proven Tips (2)

Successfully Whiten Your Teeth With These Proven Tips

It is important to have white teeth. White teeth are an indication of a healthy mouth and clean teeth. White teeth are also an indication of a bright and beautiful smile. If you would like help with whitening your teeth, then read the tips in the following article.

Eat vegetables that have a crunchy consistency. Vegetables like celery and carrots are good for getting stains off of your teeth and making them whiter. The cellulose in these vegetables are great for breaking down stains and whitening your teeth. When you are chewing crunchy vegetables it grinds the stains off.

Listerine teeth whitening mouthwash rinse is a great product to help you whiten your teeth. Within the first couple of weeks of usage you can easily see the difference in your teeth. Make sure to use twice a day- once in the morning and once at night. Listerine is strong in killing bad breath and whitens your teeth at the same time.

Be careful with excessive whitening of your teeth. If you have repeatedly whitened your teeth, you may be causing irreparable damage to the teeth. You should avoid using powerful whitening products repeatedly. If you are not receiving the results from the whitening, consult your dentist to find other ways to whiten.

Make sure you are aware of any side effects or methods that may cause deterioration to your teeth over time. Many home remedies for whitening your teeth are great, but there are those that are destructive to your teeth. Know what you are getting into before you accept home remedies that you know nothing about.

To have a white smile, make sure you avoid drinking water or using toothpastes that contain fluoride. It has been reported that fluoride may aid in discoloring and permanently staining your teeth. Many countries have actually banned fluoride from their drinking water due to this very reason. To stay on the safe side, avoid fluoride at all costs for a healthy and white smile.

For whiter teeth, avoid smoking or drinking coffee, because these practices can cause receding gums or yellow teeth. Brush your teeth three times a day, and floss! If you want to get quick results, whitening strips can help lighten your teeth, but you must maintain healthy practices to ensure your teeth stay white.

For the whitest and cleanest teeth possible, invest in an effective electric tooth brush. The more expensive models of electric toothbrushes can help brush your teeth more effectively than humanly possible with a manual toothbrush. Make sure you invest in a rechargeable electric toothbrush with replaceable heads for the best value.

To help whiten your teeth you should use baking soda. Whitening teeth with baking soda is one of the oldest methods available and has proven to be successful. Baking soda does work and if used on a consistent basis will give you nice looking white teeth. Just make a paste with a little bit of baking soda and water and brush as you normally would.

In conclusion, white teeth are important. Clean teeth and a healthy mouth are indicated by white teeth. The brightest smiles and most beautiful smiles have white teeth. Using the tips from the article above, you can whiten your teeth and have a healthy, bright, and beautiful smile.

Simple At-Home Methods To Whiten Teeth

Simple At-Home Methods To Whiten Teeth

Do you want to whiten your teeth at the comfort of your home? Home whitening treatment for your teeth is inexpensive and you could buy teeth whitening treatment in the nearest drugstore. You don't have to sit in your dentist chair to whiten your teeth. You can do it at your own home right away.
Here are the lists of the whitening products that you could apply on your teeth. They are teeth whitening strips, teeth whitening gels, teeth whitening trays, light basic kits and teeth whitening toothpaste. These products are also effective in whitening your teeth if you use it for a longer period of time. However, before doing this kind of treatment at home, visit first your dentist and ask some advice. Home whitening treatment is ineffective to people with worn-out tooth enamel and sensitive teeth. Choose the best teeth whitening brands and choose the product that has a seal of acceptance.
The common teeth whitening at home are called hydrogen peroxide. Actually, the taste of hydrogen peroxide is not pleasing but this is an affordable way to whiten your teeth. Swish your teeth with hydrogen peroxide for about one minute every day. Don't forget to spit it out the hydrogen peroxide. Then brush your teeth as normal. With regular use of this kind of treatment, you will notice later that your teeth become white.
Hydrogen peroxide takes off the stain in your teeth and cleans your mouth. It removes stains and discoloration of your teeth for seven days and very inexpensive. It could save you a lot of dollars if you use this in whitening your teeth.
Aside from hydrogen peroxide, you could also use whitening toothpaste at home. This toothpaste does not actually bleach your teeth. It helps remove stains in the surface of your teeth by using chemical agents and abrasives. It also whitens your teeth over time.
Teeth whitening products work when you use it over time, and they are safe to use. However, for those people with sensitive teeth, they may feel little discomfort when applying this product on their teeth. If you feel little discomfort, stop using the product and seek proper treatment from your dentist.
If you want to use the tray based system to whiten your teeth, you could choose a tray with flexible mouthpiece. Using an inflexible mouthpiece could cause uneven whitening of your teeth and could irritate your gums. If you have successfully whitens your teeth at home, avoid drinking coffee, tea and red wine. You should also stop smoking because nicotine present in the cigarette could cause teeth discoloration.
For a friendly reminder tip, don't engage in teeth whitening when you are pregnant or, when you are a nursing mother. Teeth whitening agent has an effect on your fetus although this is still unknown. Wait for the right time that you are not pregnant. Don't be in hurry to whiten your teeth in this stage.
Home whitening treatment has a dramatic effect and the result takes time. If you have slightly yellow teeth, this is easily to whiten. New stains in your teeth are also easy to remove than the old ones. The most difficult to remove is the black stain on your teeth and may require proper dental whitening procedure.

Don’t Get Addicted To Teeth Whitening

Don’t Get Addicted To Teeth Whitening

Most people want their teeth appears white all the time. Whiter teeth could bring positive impact in every person every time you smile. There are people who are obsessed to teeth whitening and they are not aware that it could give harm to their teeth someday. Don't be a victim of bleachorexia! The over-bleaching of teeth or the obsession with bleaching is called bleachorexia and it could affect you dental health if you are suffering from this disorder. In fact, many people who became addicted to teeth whitening and bleaching suffered from multiple oral health concerns!
Among the warning signs of this disorder would be that a person seems to think that their already-white teeth isn’t white enough. So they frequently implement do-it-yourself bleaching and whitening. In the end, this caused teeth sensitivity, receding gums and loss of enamel that could decreases strength of teeth. It could also cause deterioration on your teeth. Many teeth whitening products are available today and most people are obsessed to whiten their teeth even at home without consulting to their dentist. The fact in teeth whitening obsession is that; it could totally ruin your teeth because of too much bleaching or too much using of teeth whitening products.
Bleaching your teeth could remove stains. However, bear in mind that drinking tea, coffee, sodas and smoking could stain your teeth. To avoid teeth staining avoid smoking and drinking these beverages that could cause stain on your teeth. Actually, teeth whitening rely on chemicals that could whiten your teeth like bleaching that contains peroxide agents. Mostly, teeth whitener that contains peroxide agent is best in yellow colored teeth. However this is not effective in people with dark and brown stain on their teeth especially if fluoride and antibiotics discolored their teeth.
You could do different whitening procedures that could impress people when your smile like visiting to your dentist to make an appointment for teeth whitening. This is often called in-office teeth bleaching. Your dentist applies protective gel that shield or protect your gum. After applying a gel to your gum, your dentist then applies a bleaching agent to your teeth and uses special light for fast whitening results on your teeth.

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If you want at home bleaching, your dentist will provide you kit on how to do it at the comfort of your home. A customized mouthguard is provided for you to use. However, you need a frequent visit to your dentist to check if the mouthguard securely fits. You could also use whitening toothpaste at home. Whitening toothpaste has fluoride that helps you whiten your teeth. However the whitening effect takes time.
Having white teeth could give you beautiful smile. However, make sure that the process is right. Too much using of products that contain teeth whitening could harm your teeth instead of giving you beautiful smile. Choose your kind of teeth whitening agent that could give you the best results. Consult your dentist about the best products to be used when you want your teeth to be whitened at home.
Don't be obsessed of teeth whitening. Avoid too much using of teeth whitening agent so that your teeth will be protected. Remember that too much using of any products or even too much eating of food could ruin our health. There is nothing better than normal usage of any product for teeth whitening. Have a great smile by using the right amount of teeth whitening.

Teeth whitening for Oxford

Teeth whitening for Oxford

Laser teeth whitening is also known as Zoom teeth whitening is offered by teeth whitening consultants as a technique to remove stains from your teeth .

Although teeth whitening is very popular, many people are still clueless about the different products and procedures out there. Teeth whitening is a process of lightening the colour of teeth.
Discoloration of teeth is a natural process and Zoom teeth whitening is one of the most used and best methods to do so.

Professional in-office teeth whitening is an affordable option when Just as any new technology carries a premium, laser teeth whitening is no exception.

Next to hair care, teeth whitening is the most in-demand cosmetic procedure in the UK right no and one of the benefits is that Teeth whitening is suitable for most people with good general and dental health.

Teeth whitening is the process used for improving the colour of a person's teeth by correcting the yellow, brown or reddish stains. Laser teeth whitening is a process that is proven to remove stains and discoloration from your teeth.

In many cases the stains can be removed by 6-8 shades and this can help regain your smile and confidence.

Teeth whitening is the process whereby stains are removed from teeth in less than one hour in one and carried out by teeth whitening professionals all over the world.
White teeth confidence tips

White teeth always look good and they enhance confidence levels and also one's personality. A radiant smile is rooted not only in confidence, but in good oral health. Smile Confidence with Whiter Teeth. The most attractive trait in a man is confidence. Exceedingly bright, white teeth will help give you the confidence.

White teeth confidence tips

White teeth always look good and they enhance confidence levels and also one's personality. A radiant smile is rooted not only in confidence, but in good oral health. Smile Confidence with Whiter Teeth. The most attractive trait in a man is confidence. Exceedingly bright, white teeth will help give you the confidence.

Good dental health

Most people know that maintaining good dental health into old age has many benefits. Maintaining good dental health is essential for people of all ages, Brushing and flossing are essential to maintaining good dental health. First and foremost, for good dental health, you should keep your teeth clean.

First steps to laser teeth whitening

Before you engage with a teeth whitening specialist it is worth always to have a consultation with your dentist and check your overall dental health is suitable for teeth whitening.

Teeth Whitening Products Origins – Beverly Hills Teeth Whitening

Teeth Whitening Products Origins – Beverly Hills Teeth Whitening

Beverly Hills teeth whitening has become the nation’s way of dealing with the horrible consequence of yellow teeth. Teeth whitening products have arisen that use many different methods to achieve a brilliant and bright smile. Intelligent and science driven teeth whitening products and services have been created to alleviate the stress and low-esteem that can be caused from an unattractive or unhealthy looking smile.

The professional teeth whitening systems of Beverly Hills teeth whitening has pushed through amazing innovations in teeth whitening products. Teeth whitening gels and bleaching agents have been replaced with complex laser treatments to rid the mouth of horrible yellow teeth – teeth that scare dates or little children!

READ MORE: https://dentagama.com/clinicpages/846/dental-pro-7-reviews

 

Bleaching teeth is the usual method of attack for teeth whitening products. The usage of peroxide or other oxygen based chemicals on the enamel of the teeth can be used to remove the appearance of yellow teeth by removing the build-up of many years of stains and aging of the teeth. Thank goodness you do not have to run to get Beverly Hills teeth whitening for good professional services. Now services to remove the look of yellow teeth can be found throughout the world.

Teeth whitening products are important for anyone who is tired of looking in the mirror at horrible and unattractive yellow teeth. Some procedures, such as laser teeth whitening, can be very expensive. These procedures have more immediate results by using a laser to increase the effectiveness of a tooth whitening gel placed over the teeth. While more expensive, the results of the teeth whitening products are even better when combined with the professional results from laser teeth whitening.

Besides Beverly Hills teeth whitening and other beauty treatments sought from teeth whitening products, the ability to smile at someone you care about without the worry and doubt of yellow teeth could be said to be worth almost any expense. Luckily, the science to achieve a healthy and bright smile has only increased with time to allow more people to reap the benefits and enjoy the look and feel of their beautiful teeth.

Teeth Whitening, The Plain Truth

Teeth Whitening, The Plain Truth

Virtually everyone wanting to brighten their smile can benefit from teeth whitening. Patients with teeth that are discolored due to age, smoking or other extrinsic staining factors are excellent candidates for teeth whitening. Research indicates that teeth whitening is completely effective in more than 78% of people. As teeth whitening continues to grow in popularity, research continues into all types of whitening systems.
Teeth whitening is not permanent, and works by removing the organic materials in the enamel by dissolving them with a peroxide derivative. Also, teeth whitening is only effective if there is a lot of enamel.
There are two principle forms of teeth whitening: professional whitening and teeth whitening kits.
Professional Teeth Whitening
The most effective and safest method of teeth whitening is the dentist-supervised procedure. First, the dentist will determine whether you are a candidate for teeth whitening and what type of whitening system would provide the best results. The dentist should also go over what you personally can expect for your individual situation. Before the teeth whitening treatment, most dentists clean the teeth, fill any cavities, and make sure the patient's gums are healthy.
Dentists will usually advise trying teeth whitening first, to avoid the need for more complex cosmetic work. Complications that can occur in professional teeth whitening are infrequent and are usually minor in nature. Overall, teeth whitening under professional supervision is an effective method for whitening the teeth.
Teeth Whitening Kits
An alternative method to professional teeth whitening is to use a teeth whitening system or kit. Most teeth whitening systems consists of a whitening gel that is placed in mouthpieces that fit over your teeth for various amounts of time. On average, quality teeth whitening kits cost approximately $500 to $800. Budget teeth whitening systems start at around $29.95, though they are generally less effective.
The American Dental Association has granted its seal of approval to some teeth whitening products, so be sure and look for the ADA mark of approval if you are going to purchase a whitening kit. It is important that the manufacturer’s directions are followed precisely when using an at home teeth whitening kit. Also, do not use a teeth whitening product for more than 14 days without consulting a dental professional.
Disadvantages and Limitations of Teeth Whitening
Although teeth whitening is very effective, there can be short term disadvantages, such as sore gums or sore teeth from the bleach. Crowns, bridges, bonding, and fillings only return to their original coloring; they do not lighten any further with professional teeth whitening. Different stains require different solutions, therefore it is important to have a consultation with an oral health professional before trying a teeth whitening product.
While teeth whitening does create brighter smiles, some people’s expectations are very high and they are disappointed with the results.
Research continues into all types of whitening systems. Due to its effectiveness, teeth whitening is sure to continue to grow in popularity. Regular professional teeth cleaning by your dentist will help support the lasting success of teeth whitening.
Consider teeth whitening if your teeth are darkened from age, coffee, tea or smoking.

Different Stomach And Bowel Disorders Among Infants

Different Stomach And Bowel Disorders Among Infants

Disorder of the stomach and bowels is one of the most fruitful sources of the diseases of infancy. Only prevent their derangement, and, all things being equal, the infant will be healthy and flourish, and need not the aid of physic or physicians.

There are many causes which may give rise to these affections; many of them appertain to the mother's system, some to that of the infant. All are capable, to a great extent, of being prevented or remedied. It is, therefore, most important that a mother should not be ignorant or misinformed upon this subject. It is the prevention of these affections, however, that will be principally dwelt upon here; for let the mother ever bear in mind, and act upon the principle, that the prevention of disease alone belongs to her; the cure to the physician. For the sake of clearness and reference, these disorders will be spoken of as they occur:

To the infant at the breast.
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The infant's stomach and bowels may become deranged from the breast-milk becoming unwholesome. This may arise from the parent getting out of health, a circumstance which will be so manifest to herself, and to those more immediately interested in her welfare, that it is only necessary just to allude to it here. Suffice it to say, that there are many causes of a general kind to which it may owe its origin; but that the most frequent is undue lactation, and the effects both upon mother and child fully dwelt upon.

Anxiety of mind in the mother will cause her milk to be unhealthy in its character, and deficient in quantity, giving rise to flatulence, griping, and sometimes even convulsions in the infant. A fit of passion in the nurse will frequently be followed by a fit of bowel complain in the child. These causes of course are temporary, and when removed the milk becomes a healthy and sufficient for the child as before.

Sudden and great mental disturbance, however, will occasionally drive away the milk altogether, and in a few hours. A Mrs. S., aet. 29, a fine healthy woman, of a blonde complexion, was confined of a boy. She had a good time, and a plentiful supply of milk for the child, which she continued to suckle till the following January, a period of three months, when her milk suddenly disappeared. This circumstance puzzled the medical attendant, for he could not trace it to any physical ailment; but the milk never returned, and a wet-nurse became necessary. In the following spring the husband of this lady failed, an adversity which had been impending since the date when the breast-milk disappeared, upon which day the deranged state of the husband's affairs was made known to the wife, a fact which at once explained the mysterious disappearance of the milk.

Unwholesome articles of diet will affect the mother's milk, and derange the infant's bowels. Once, I was called to see an infant at the breast with diarrhoea. The remedial measures had but little effect so long as the infant was allowed the breast-milk; but this being discontinued, and arrow-root made with water only allowed, the complaint was quickly put a stop to. Believing that the mother's milk was impaired from some accidental cause which might now be passed, the infant was again allowed the breast. In less than four-and-twenty hours, however, the diarrhoea returned. The mother being a very healthy woman, it was suspected that some unwholesome article in her diet might be the cause. The regimen was accordingly carefully inquired into, when it appeared that porter from a neighbouring publican's had been substituted for their own for some little time past. This proved to be bad, throwing down, when left to stand a few hours, a considerable sediment; it was discontinued; good sound ale taken instead; the infant again put to the breast, upon the milk of which it flourished, and never had another attack.

In the same way aperient medicine, taken by the mother, will act on the child's bowels, through the effect which it produces upon her milk. This, however, is not the case with all kinds of purgative medicine, nor does the same purgative produce a like effect upon all children. It is well, therefore, for a parent to notice what aperient acts thus through her system upon that of her child, and what does not, and when an aperient becomes necessary for herself, unless she desire that the infant's bowels be moved, to avoid the latter; if otherwise, she may take the former with good effect.

Again; the return of the monthly periods whilst the mother is a nurse always affects the properties of the milk, more or less, deranging the stomach and bowels of the infant. It will thus frequently happen, that a few days before the mother is going to be unwell, the infant will become fretful and uneasy; its stomach will throw up the milk, and its motions will be frequent, watery, and greenish. And then, when the period is fully over, the milk will cease to purge. It is principally in the early months, however, that the infant seems to be affected by this circumstance; for it will be generally found that although the milk is certainly impaired by it, being less abundant and nutritious, still, after the third or fourth month it ceases to affect the infant. Is then a mother, because her monthly periods return after her delivery, to give up nursing? Certainly not, unless the infant's health is seriously affected by it; for she will generally find that, as the periods come round, by keeping the infant pretty much from the breast, during its continuance, and feeding him upon artificial food, she will prevent disorder of the child's health, and be able in the intervals to nurse her infant with advantage. It must be added, however, that a wet- nurse is to be resorted to rather than any risk incurred of injuring the child's health; and that, in every case, partial feeding will be necessary at a much earlier period than when a mother is not thus affected.

The milk may also be rendered less nutritive, and diminished in quantity, by the mother again becoming pregnant. In this case, however, the parent's health will chiefly suffer, if she persevere in nursing; this, however, will again act prejudicially to the child. It will be wise, therefore, if pregnancy should occur, and the milk disagree with the infant, to resign the duties of a nurse, and to put the child upon a suitable artificial diet.

The infant that is constantly at the breast will always be suffering, more or less, from flatulence, griping, looseness of the bowels, and vomiting. This is caused by a sufficient interval not being allowed between the meals for digestion. The milk, therefore, passes on from the stomach into the bowels undigested, and the effects just alluded to follow. Time must not only be given for the proper digestion of the milk, but the stomach itself must be allowed a season of repose. This evil, then, must be avoided most carefully by the mother strictly adhering to those rules for nursing.

The bowels of the infant at the breast, as well as after it is weaned, are generally affected by teething. And it is fortunate that this is the case, for it prevents more serious affections. Indeed, the diarrhoea that occurs during dentition, except it be violent, must not be subdued; if, however, this is the case, attention must be paid to it. It will generally be found to be accompanied by a swollen gum; the freely lancing of which will sometimes alone put a stop to the looseness: further medical aid may, however, be necessary.

At the period of weaning.
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There is great susceptibility to derangements of the stomach and bowels of the child at the period when weaning ordinarily takes place, so that great care and judgment must be exercised in effecting this object. Usually, however, the bowels are deranged during this process from one of these causes; from weaning too early, from effecting it too suddenly and abruptly, or from over-feeding and the use of improper and unsuitable food. There is another cause which also may give rise to diarrhoea at this time, independently of weaning, viz. the irritation of difficult teething.

The substitution of artificial food for the breast-milk of the mother, at a period when the digestive organs of the infant are too delicate for this change, is a frequent source of the affections now under consideration.

The attempt to wean a delicate child, for instance, when only six months old, will inevitably be followed by disorder of the stomach and bowels. Unless, therefore, a mother is obliged to resort to this measure, from becoming pregnant, or any other unavoidable cause, if she consult the welfare of her child, she will not give up nursing at this early period.

Depriving the child at once of the breast, and substituting artificial food, however proper under due regulations such food may be, will invariably cause bowel complaints. Certain rules and regulations must be adopted to effect weaning safely, the details of which are given elsewhere.

If too large a quantity of food is given at each meal, or the meals are too frequently repeated, in both instances the stomach will become oppressed, wearied, and deranged; part of the food, perhaps, thrown up by vomiting, whilst the remainder, not having undergone the digestive process, will pass on into the bowels, irritate its delicate lining membrane, and produce flatulence, with griping, purging, and perhaps convulsions.

Then, again, improper and unsuitable food will be followed by precisely the same effects; and unless a judicious alteration be quickly made, remedies will not only have no influence over the disease, but the cause being continued, the disease will become most seriously aggravated.

It is, therefore, of the first importance to the well-doing of the child, that at this period, when the mother is about to substitute an artificial food for that of her own breast, she should first ascertain what kind of food suits the child best, and then the precise quantity which nature demands. Many cases might be cited, where children have never had a prescription written for them, simply because, these points having been attended to, their diet has been managed with judgment and care; whilst, on the other hand, others might be referred to, whose life has been hazarded, and all but lost, simply from injudicious dietetic management. Over-feeding, and improper articles of food, are more frequently productive, in their result, of anxious hours and distressing scenes to the parent, and of danger and loss of life to the child, than almost any other causes.

The irritation caused by difficult teething may give rise to diarrhoea at the period when the infant is weaned, independently of the weaning itself. Such disorder of the bowels, if it manifestly occur from this cause, is a favourable circumstance, and should not be interfered with, unless indeed the attack be severe and aggravated, when medical aid becomes necessary. Slight diarrhoea then, during weaning, when it is fairly traceable to the cutting of a tooth (the heated and inflamed state of the gum will at once point to this as the source of the derangement), is of no consequence, but it must not be mistaken for disorder arising from other causes. Lancing the gum will at once, then, remove the cause, and generally cure the bowel complaint.